Govans & Galloway - The Irish Connection
b. 27/5/1864 in Mauchline
b. 27/5/1864 in Mauchline
Grace died on 26/3/1950, aged 86.
She lived with Samuel at The Granary, Mill Lane, Crookedholm
She lived with Samuel at The Granary, Mill Lane, Crookedholm
By 1911 (census) Grace had given birth to 12 children, 6 of whom were still alive.
Occupation – Mill Worker
Occupation – Mill Worker
Samuel William Galloway
b. 19/8/1862 in Carnesure, (Carnasure or Carnesure (from Ceathrú na Siúr meaning "quarterland of the sisters") Comber, Co. Down, N. Ireland
Comber (from Irish: An Comar, meaning "the confluence") is a small town in County Down, Northern Ireland. It lies 5 miles south of Newtownards, at the northern end of Strangford Lough. It is situated in the townland of Town Parks, the civil parish of Comber and the historic barony of Castlereagh Lower. It had a population of 8,933 people in the 2001 Census. Comber is part of the Borough of Ards. It is also known for Comber Whiskey which was last distilled in 1953. A notable native was Thomas Andrews, the designer of the RMS Titanic and was among the many who went down with her.
During the influx of Scots in the early 1600s (see Plantation of Ulster), a settlement grew up at Comber, although it was focused about a mile further south than at present, in the townland of Cattogs, and there is evidence that the settlement was a port used by traders and fishermen. By the 1700s, however, the focus of the town had moved to the area of the present main Square and Comber became established as an industrial centre with several mills.
Samuel Galloway was baptised in the Presbyterian Church of Ireland in 12/10/1862. By the age of 8 years, Sam had lost all of his family.
His mother, Agnes McGee, born about 1829, died on 16th November 1869 at the age of 40. Her baby daughter Agnes, born 4th July 1867 in Comber, didn't survive until her first birthday, dying on 21st March 1868, aged just 8 months old.
His father was James Galway, born about 1802, died on 16th May 1872 in Comber at th age of 70.
What a devistating loss for young Samuel. Over a period of just over 4 years he found himself alone. My research has come across a possible brother of James Galway but it will take more research to discover who brought up young Samuel between the ages of 8 and 17 when he next shows up in Hurlford boarding with the Broadley family at 1, Portland New Row in 1881, working as a coal miner.
The Broadley family were also Irish immigrants and William Broadley and his wife Jean had lived in Hurlford for at least 10 years as they appear in the 1871 census, William working in one of the local collieries. Altogether, in 1881, nine people shared the accomodation, six family members and three lodgers. The accomodation must have been cramped as a description from 1913 given in the website www.ayrshirehistory.org.uk shows:
"The New, or Back Row, has 20 houses of two apartments. The kitchen measures 13 feet by 11 feet, and
the room about 10 feet by 9 feet. There are dry-closets for every three tenants, with ashpit, etc. As is the case in many
other places, the washing-house, coalhouse, closet, and ashpit are all under one roof, about 12 feet from the front
of the row. The paths are unpaved and very muddy. There are open syvors in front of the doors not too clean."
Marriage Samuel Galloway & Grace Govans 1884
Grace Govans and Samuel Galloway married the 31st of December 1884.
Children: Out of twelve births, only seven children survived.
James (Jaimsie) was born on February 5, 1885, in Crookedholm, Ayrshire, his father, Samuel, was 22 and his mother, Grace, was 20. He married Mary McKie on November 4, 1904 and they had seven children together. He died on October 12, 1951, at the age of 66.
Grace was born on February 16, 1888, in Crookedholm, Ayrshire, her father, Samuel, was 25 and her mother, Grace, was 23. She married Robert Bryson on April 28, 1911, in Hurlford, Ayrshire. They had two children during their marriage.
Alexander (Sandy) b. 1897 in Hurlford, Ayrshire, his father, Samuel, was 35 and his mother, Grace, was 33. He married Isabella (Bella) McPherson Johnston Docherty on January 6, 1923, in Galston, Ayrshire. They had two children during their marriage. He died on August 23, 1952, in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, at the age of 55. Sandy fought in WW1 at Flanders. He survived that and after the war he was a carter, taking materials from Hurlford to Riccarton. On one particularly icy day, his big Clysesdale horse slipped and kicked him on the leg. Sandy never recovered from this and died later as infection had set in.
Agnes was born on April 20, 1899, in Hurlford, Ayrshire, her father, Samuel, was 36 and her mother, Grace, was 34. She had one son and two daughters with Charles Stewart between 1921 and 1928. She emmigrated to Australia on 1st February 1930 at the age of 30, sailing from Liverpool.
Ellen (Nellie) was born on July 1, 1901, in Hurlford, Ayrshire, her father, Samuel, was 38 and her mother, Grace, was 37. She died on June 28, 1942, in Hurlford, Ayrshire, at the age of 40.
Hannah b. 15/8/1903, my gran. She looked after her mother Grace Govans until she died. They lived across the road from each other in Blair Avenue. When Hannah Galloway was born in Hurlford, Ayrshire, her father, Samuel, was 40 and her mother, Grace, was 39. She married Walter Ballantyne on December 26, 1929. They had two children during their marriage. She died on January 20, 1974, in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, at the age of 70.
Hugh - When Hugh Galloway was born on January 27, 1912, in Hurlford, Ayrshire, his father, Samuel, was 49 and his mother, Grace, was 47. He had one son and two daughters with Margaret (Meg) Howie. He died in 1982 in Hurlford, Ayrshire, at the age of 70. I remember Uncle Hugh driving the dustbin lorry.
Samuel Galloway 1991
At this point, Samuel and Grace were living in Mill Lane, Crookedholm with their young family James, Grace and Agnes. Grace's young brother James (19) was also living with them at this point. He was a 'pit-bottomer."
The 1991 census shows that Samuel was a Pit roadsman Information from http://www.scottishmining.co.uk explains what the various jobs at collieries involved:
The roadsmen shall, at the close of the colliers' shift, and daily, make careful inspection of the whole drawing roads, headings, and air-courses, from the pitbottom throughout the Colliery, and shall keep the same free of all obstructions, and of the fixed height, and width, necessary for proper passage and ventilation ; they shall repair and remedy all damages and defects in the roads; and shall examine, and put, and keep, in proper condition all trap-doors, and see the regulations enforced that the same are kept closed, and, wherever practicable, shall endeavour to make and keep such trap-doors self-acting; they shall make and place sufficient trap-doors wherever the progress of the Colliery operations shall render these necessary, and shall fit up "bratticing," where required, of suitable height and length, so that air may at all times be conveyed from the principal air-courses, for the use of the workmen.
The roadsmen shall also lay rails in the roads, where requisite; and, in the absence of the underground manager, they shall receive all reports or communications from the colliers and other workmen in the Colliery, as to falls and defects in the roads, roofs, and buildings, and shall proceed to, and repair or remedy the falls and defects, for which purpose they shall obtain the assistance of other workmen, and the use of all such materials as shall be needed.
The roadsmen shall stop the passage of men and coals, through, or under defective roads, roofs, or places, until the necessary repairs shall have been executed. They shall receive information concerning, and communicate with the underground manager immediately in case of any interruption in the ventilation, or of any other cause of danger, and shall aid and assist in the rectification and remedy of the same, and shall when so employed, be permitted to use only safety lamps; all lighted or combustible substances are forbidden to be used in the course of such operations.
The roadsmen shall inspect and report daily to the underground manager, any instances of neglect on the part of colliers, in not carrying forward their coal faces or walls, in accordance with the plan pursued in working the Colliery or in not propping up, and securing the roof and superincumbent strata in those parts of the workings under their care; the roadsmen shall also examine and report to the underground manager, instances of neglect, and acts of carelessness on the part of the brushers, in failing to remove, or in not removing with proper caution the strata necessary to be removed to form roads, or in not carrying forward the brushing with sufficient regularity, and of the proper dimensions or in leaving the brushing with loose or hanging stones in fend about the strata ''brushed."
As removing falls from the roofs of roads and air courses, repairing defects, and supporting loose strata, are within the roadmen's duties, and as they are charged with the maintenance of all roads and passages in the Colliery, they are enjoined to proceed with the greatest caution, both for their own safety and the successful execution of their duties. In these operations the whole risk of accidents must necessarily lie with themselves; they must therefore be careful, and are required to prevent all other workmen coming near any defective places, or interfering with them when at work. They are required to undertake no repairs of unusual magnitude or danger without sufficient assistance and until provided with every necessary material, which will be supplied on application to the employer or manager.
Pit-bottomer (also known as an Onsetter) Person in charge of loading and unloading the cage underground, at the bottom of the shaft, underground equivalent to Banksman. He signals to the banksman and winding engineman when the cage is loaded with men or mine cars and ready to move. Where tubs are used he usually had a boy of from 12 to 15 years of age, to help him.
(information from http://www.healeyhero.co.uk
The family have now moved from Crookedholm to Hurlford and Samuel finds himself again living in Portland Row, the back terrace, which was found on the right of Riccarton Road, Hurlford. Samuel is listed as a coal miner and there are six members in the household.
1911 Census – lived at Portland Row, Riccarton Rd. Hurlford. The photo below was taken c. 1889 and shows the opposite side of Riccarton Road from Portland Row.
Ballantyne/Galloway clan c.1976 from back left Jan Galloway & husband, Grace Galloway, Yvonne Borland, Elsie Stewart (Australia, daughter in-law of Agnes Galloway), Robert Ballantyne Font Row Hugh Kennedy with younger brother in front, girl Meikle, Hannah Borland, Walter Ballantyne, Fiona Ballantyne, girl Meikle, Elizabeth Borland, with two other Kennedy/Meikle children in front, Hugh Galloway, Grace (Ballantyne) Borland with William Borland on her shoulders.